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Top Sustainability News #10

Alexanne Heurtier
You don't want to miss out on the latest news related to carbon markets and sustainable development. Find out our Top Sustainability News! 

UN Urges Support for Latin America's Indigenous Peoples, the 'Best Guardians' of Forests
The United Nations’ Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and the Fund for the Development of Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC) have published a report on forest governance by indigenous and tribal people. It highlights the importance of supporting these populations and helping them against threats such as biodiversity degradation and illegal fires. Forests in Indigenous territories host a large part of global biodiversity (half of the forest in the Amazon basin and 35% of all forest in Latin America) and thus need to be preserved. These forests are also significant carbon sinks as they absorb and store carbon dioxide. The more the forest is diverse and full of species, the better is the effect on the environment; however, many of them, such as the Amazon, are jeopardized by the expansion of the industry. “The UN’s report urges governments in the region to support Indigenous communities by recognizing their right to protect land and even paying them for the vital work they do. After all, the forests that they protect are important for the future stability of the planet.” In addition to government support, these projects can benefit from the carbon offsetting mechanism and receive finance through the purchase of carbon credits. 
Learn more how you can support forest conservation projects: https://climateseed.com/projects

French Truckers, Airports, Landlords Fret Over New Climate Law

In February, the French ecological Ministry presented the Climate and Resilience bill in line with the Citizen Convention on Climate held last year, but received a lot of criticisms. Last week, the French parliament’s Lower House started to debate the bill, which includes 69 articles such as new taxes on trucking and domestic flights. 
On the one hand, many non-governmental organizations had criticized the weakness of the measures and wanted the parliament to strengthen the bill by including the term ‘crime of ecocide’, which could become new in the French legislation. On the other hand, the bill includes restrictions on domestic flights and on renting poorly-insulated homes, which has sparked discontent among real estate agents and airport operators. The bill aims to reduce domestic flights between some cities for example Paris and Bordeaux. In addition, it could have a negative impact on the real estate market and directly affect homeowners. 
The Climate and Resilience bill also aims to introduce regulations that will affect French citizens in order to support the fight against climate change and meet the 2050 carbon neutral commitment. The French government has recently been condemned over the ecological damage and will face another court ruling over the effectiveness of the measures taken. This past summer, the High Council on Climate (HCCC) has already pointed out the lack of climate actions form the French government and had stated that France will not meet its climate objectives in line with the Paris Agreement. 

Les espèces invasives, "une des plus grandes causes des menaces de la biodiversité", affirme un chercheur qui a évalué le coût pour la collectivité

Une étude scientifique menée par des chercheurs du CNRS de l'Institut de Recherche pour le Développement et de Paris-Saclay a été publiée dans la revue Nature. Ils y présentent notamment une estimation du coût économique de l'impact des espèces invasives dans le monde depuis 1970. L’étude chiffre ce coût à presque 1300 milliards de dollars en 40 ans et tient son origine notamment des pertes agricoles, forestières et liées à la pêche et la santé (épidémie, allergie, etc.). Les principales espèces présentées dans l’étude sont entre autres les insectes qui menacent d’autres espaces et détruisent les récoltes mais aussi les rongeurs et les félins. La menace d’espèces invasives ne cesse de s'accroître et les chercheurs ont recommandé une plus grande prévention des invasions (en surveillant les points d’entrée sur les territoires) plutôt que de ne traiter que les conséquences. 

Malheureusement, beaucoup de pays européens ne disposent pas encore de législations sur ce sujet contrairement aux Etats-Unis ou l’Australie qui en souffrent beaucoup. Le sujet reste primordial dans la lutte contre le changement climatique et est tout aussi important que la pollution de l’air et la déforestation comme le rappelle Franck Courchamps, chercheur ayant participé à l’étude. Il explique notamment l'importance de présenter des données économiques pour interpeller les pouvoirs publics sur l’urgence de la situation et la nécessité d’agir.

Article written by Alexanne Heurtier

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